Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). "The Man Who Ran Washington: The Life and Times of James A. Baker III His father was a partner of Houston law firm Baker Botts.Baker has a sister, Bonner Baker Moffitt. But did Baker ever actually say it? Secretary Bakers position used to be fairly standard among Republicans, but the party, led especially by President Trump, has moved away from him to the point where loyalty to Israel is seen as a litmus test.. According to the new biography, its far from certain those words were actually ever used by Baker. james baker sons - MEBW However, Murphy's Iraq and Afghanistan Reconstruction portfolios will shift to Douglas Baker, who will continue as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Service Industries, Tourism and Finance. Diplomacy Center Commemorates Sec. After the campaign, he served in various positions for President Richard Nixon. Jim Baker's War - The American Prospect However, another G. H. W. Bush Administration veteran, Robert Gates, was appointed instead, and only after the 2006 elections. She and Baker welcomed their daughter Mary Bonner Baker, born in 1977. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/James-Baker, U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian - Biography of James Addison III Baker, Miller Center - Biography of James A. Baker, James Addison Baker - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Iraq Study Group before U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee. James A. Baker III | C-SPAN.org Bush believed Shamir had lied to him and never forgave him., A month after that incident, Baker gave a speech at the annual AIPAC Policy Conference in Washington, his first-ever appearance before the large pro-Israel gathering. The group also included Martin S. Feldstein and N. Gregory Mankiw. James A. Baker, III, has served in senior government positions under three United States presidents. Staff writer Maria Glod contributed to this report. Baker served as Undersecretary of Commerce under President Gerald Ford in 1975, and ran Ford's unsuccessful re-election campaign in 1976. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Bush appointed Baker Secretary of State in 1989. Ibid. However, Baker changed his mind about running when his wife was diagnosed with cancer. Starting in the 19th century, his clan helped build the city of Houston. She died of breast cancer in February 1970. Strengthening the binational relationship by addressing major concerns on both sides of the border. James A. Baker, III, has served in senior government positions under three United States presidents. View the profiles of people named James Baker III. He had Richard Darman of Massachusetts as his Deputy Secretary of the Treasury. James Baker, FBI Lawyer: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know Sep 24th 2020. [13] He served in that capacity until 1985. Join Facebook to connect with James Baker III and others you may know. United States Under Secretary of Commerce, James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, Foreign policy of the George H. W. Bush administration, Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Learn how and when to remove this template message, James A. Baker III Institute of Public Policy, Virginia Graeme Baker Pool And Spa Safety Act, "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: James Addison Baker III", City of Houston: Procedures for Historic District Designation, "James A. Baker III Papers, 1957-2011, bulk 1972/1992", "Pittsburgh Businessman Ford Treasury Nominee", "President Ford Wednesday Nominated Edward O. Vetter of Dallas, Tex., to be undersecretary of commerce", "James Baker: President Maker [documentary]", "Phil Gailey and Warren Weaver, Jr., "Briefing", "National Winners | public service awards | Jefferson Awards.org", "Russia, Ukraine and the doomed 30-year quest for a post-Soviet order", James Baker: The Man Who Made Washington Work, "How to Block the Palestine Statehood Ploy", "Splitting the Difference: The Palestinian-Israeli Policy of James Baker", "AFTER THE WAR: DIPLOMACY; Baker and Syrian Chief Call Time Ripe for Peace Effort", "Baker resigns as UN mediator after seven years", "Baker surfaces as key adviser to Bush on Iraq", "Bush appoints Baker envoy on Iraqi debt", "U.S. and Iraqi Forces Clash With Sadr Militia in South", "The Private Trump Angst of a Republican Icon", "The Conservative Case for Carbon Dividends", "Guide to the Baker Family papers, 1853-1971 MS 040", "Former Secretary of state pushes for hot tub safety standards", "Former Secretary of State James Baker speaks in support of legislation intended to prevent accidental drowning", "Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act", During lockdown, comics Rosebud Baker and Andy Haynes have gotten sick and engaged, plus hosted a surreal podcast, "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement", "Gen. Colin L. Powell Biography and Interview", James Addison Baker Papers at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University, James A. Baker III Oral History Collection at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University. [14], Baker managed Reagan's 1984 re-election campaign in which Reagan polled a record 525 electoral votes total (of a possible 538), and received 58.8% of the popular vote to Walter Mondale's 40.6%. Baker served in this role through 1992. Stop settlement activity. James A. Baker III. Nov. 29, 2021. United States Secretaries of the Treasury, List of international trips made by secretaries of state of the United States, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Baker&oldid=1141376173, Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, George H. W. Bush administration cabinet members, United States Under Secretaries of Commerce, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia neutral point of view disputes from November 2019, All Wikipedia neutral point of view disputes, Pages using Sister project links with wikidata namespace mismatch, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 24 February 2023, at 19:21. Pursuing research and open debate to develop pragmatic drug policies based on common sense and driven by human rights interests. The Iraq Study Group examined a number of ideas, including one that would create a new power-sharing arrangement in Iraq that would give more autonomy to regional factions. In this candid, revealing account, Baker uses his unique perspective to take us inside those events and the personalities involved in them: the collapse of Communism, the Berlin Wall, and the. But the former secretary of state was portrayed for many years as anti-Israeli, in large part because of the infamous Fuck the Jews quote. 'HE DOESN'T WASTE A LOT OF TIME ON GUILT - The Washington Post In December 2003, President George W. Bush appointed Baker as his special envoy to ask various foreign creditor nations to forgive or restructure the approximately $100 billion in international debts owed by the Iraq government which had been incurred during the tenure of Saddam Hussein. They have one child. James Addison Baker III was born in Houston at 1216 Bissonnet St., the son of James A. Baker Jr. (1892-1973) and Ethel Bonner (ne Means) Baker (August 6, . Bush, left, and former Secretary of State James A. Baker III talking about the Gulf War and liberation of Kuwait, during an interview January 18, 2011, in Houston. His wife, Susan, listens at right. Until 2005 he was senior counsel to the Carlyle Group and is currently a senior partner at the law firm of Baker Botts. Baker met his first wife, the former Mary Stuart McHenry, of Dayton, Ohio, while on spring break in Bermuda with the Princeton University rugby team. James Baker, horoscope for birth date 28 April 1930, born in - Astro James Baker serves as an Honorary Co-Chair for the World Justice Project. In 1982, conservative activists Howard Phillips, founder of The Conservative Caucus and Clymer Wright of Houston joined in an unsuccessful effort to convince Reagan to dismiss Baker as Chief of Staff. Climate Leadership, Policy & Political Thoughts on the Current Crisis, State Dept. Bush later confirmed that he made such an offer to Baker but that he declined. Though Bush lost to Lloyd Bentsen in the election, Baker continued in politics, becoming the Finance Chairman of the Republican Party in 1971. "Mother of Secretary of State Baker dies here at 96". En effet, avec 200 milliards de dollars de dettes. After two years of active duty as a lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps, he entered The University of Texas School of Law at Austin. James Baker, in full James Addison Baker III, (born April 28, 1930, Houston, Texas, U.S.), American government official, political manager, and lawyer who occupied important posts in the Republican presidential administrations of the 1980s and early 90s, including that of U.S. secretary of state (198992). Bakers shuttle diplomacy, and his willingness to enter into heated political fights with Israels supporters in Washington, eventually led to the convening of the Madrid Conference in 1991 an important breakthrough in the peace process and one of the greatest foreign policy achievements of the George H.W. Baker attended The Hill School, a boarding school in Pottstown, Pennsylvania. [citation needed], His son, James A. Baker III, is the political figure especially known from the Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush administrations. "Unfortunately, it shouldn't take a death to make people more wary," Paul said. Vise, David A.. "Former Secretary of State Baker Joins Carlyle Group". [26], The 1992 election was complicated by the on-again-off-again candidacy of Ross Perot, who would end up taking 19% of the popular vote. Bush. His father was a partner of Houston law firm Baker Botts. Major gifts provide the funds necessary for the Baker Institute to explore new areas of study and research, and expand current programs. James A. Baker Iii, Baker, James Addison, 3d James Addison Baker, 3d, 1930-, U.S. political leader, b. Houston, Tex. [31] However, despite having run two winning campaigns for Ronald Reagan and one for Bush, Baker was unsuccessful in the second campaign for Bush, who lost to Clinton by 370 electoral votes to 168.[32]. (Read James Bakers Britannica essay on isolationism.). Baker served in the United States Marine Corps (19521954), attaining the rank of First Lieutenant and later rising to Captain in the United States Marine Corps Reserve. In 1973 and 1974, Baker returned to full time practice of law at Andrews & Kurth. James A. Baker III Monument 400 Texas St. Houston, TX 77002 Find Parking The City of Houston named a small portion of Sesquicentennial Park Baker Common that includes a statue of James A. Baker III, as well as plaques commemorating the families contributions to the city. The Man Who Ran Washington: The Life and Times of James A. Baker III It was a political comment, Baker said, not an anti-Semitic comment, not a slur.. The Man Who Ran Washington: The Life and Times of James A. Baker III, by Peter Baker and Susan Glasser, is published by Doubleday, priced $35. James Addison Baker III | YourDictionary [55] To promote greater safety in pools and spas, Nancy Baker gave testimony to the Consumer Product Safety Commission,[56] and James Baker helped form an advocacy group,[57] which led to the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool And Spa Safety Act (15 USC 8001). War. Through the internships on campus and beyond, Rice students can explore careers in public policy, or simply become better informed about important issues of the day. Baker met his first wife, the former Mary Stuart McHenry, of Dayton, Ohio, while on spring break in Bermuda with the Princeton University rugby team. Baker received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 and has been the recipient of many other awards for distinguished public service, including Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson Award, the American Institute for Public Service's Jefferson Award, Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government Award, The Hans J. Morgenthau Award, The George F. Kennan Award, the Department of the Treasury's Alexander Hamilton Award, the Department of State's Distinguished Service Award and numerous honorary academic degrees. Doubleday; 720 pages; $35. Fax: 713-348-5993. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the 10th White House Chief of Staff and 67th United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Ronald Reagan and the 61st U.S. Secretary of State before returning as the 16th White House Chief of Staff under President George H. W. Bush. Baker served in this role through 1992. The war in Iraq may be a disaster for George W. Bush, but for James Baker III it has become an opportunity to seal his reputation as a statesman rather than a political fixer, which is how he's spent much of his career. Amidst the growing support of Saddam Hussein in Palestine, due to his opposition toward Israel, and his invasion of Kuwait, and the beginning of the Gulf War, Baker decided that he would make some moves towards developing communications between Israel and Palestine. The former secretary of state, they write, insisted the story was distorted at best. Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy, Edward P. Djerejian Center for the Middle East, McNair Center for Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth, Baker Briefing: A Diplomats Perspective on Russia, Addressing Climate Change in the Developing World: A Conversation with Rajiv Shah, Charting Paths Forward on Immigration Reform, The Strategic case for U.S. But their policy regarding Israel would have been completely rejected by todays Republican Party, which has moved to the right on issues like settlements, Palestinian statehood and Israeli control of East Jerusalem. For other uses, see, Early life, education, and pre-political career, Roles during the Bush administration and Iraq War, He is actually the fourth-generation successive James Addison Baker in his family, despite using the "III". James A. Baker III interview for Frontline. The authors explain that as the quote spread, it would be repeated by others without the brackets, shortened to Fuck the Jews, an even cruder version than Koch originally alleged., The real story behind the inflammatory comment, the authors write, stemmed from Bakers long-running feud with [Housing Secretary] Jack Kemp, who had told Koch about the episode. Baker was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2008.[43]. He resigned as Treasury Secretary to manage Bush's successful 1988 campaign for president. Baker also called on Shamir to forswear annexation. He also served as Chief of Staff and Secretary of the Treasury for Reagan and as Secretary of State for Bush. When Bush decided to run for the U.S. Senate in 1969, he supported Baker's decision to run for the Congressional seat he was vacating. Virginia was the daughter of James A. Baker IV, who is the son of the former cabinet secretary. Baker warned publicly, "I will recommend to the President that the United States make no further contributions, voluntary or assessed, to any international organization which makes any changes in the PLO's status as an observer organization. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[17]. Eventually, he softened it a bit, allowing Netanyahu to enter the building but barring him from visiting the top floors where high-ranking officials had their offices, limiting his access to low-level staffers only. Mary had breast cancer in 1968 and died in February 1970 when . Several people who were at the party then tried to revive the girl, who was taken by helicopter to Inova Fairfax Hospital and pronounced dead. Baker III worked as White House chief of staff and secretary of the treasury under President Ronald Reagan, and as secretary of state and White House chief of staff under President George H.W. On October 9, 2006, the Washington Post quoted co-chairman Baker as saying "our commission believes that there are alternatives between the stated alternatives, the ones that are out there in the political debate, of 'stay the course' and 'cut and run'". In March 1997, Baker became the Personal Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Western Sahara. The son of a prosperous Houston attorney, Baker graduated from On James Baker's . He resigned his post as secretary of state in 1992 in order to serve as White House chief of staff while simultaneously directing Bushs unsuccessful reelection campaign. On March 15, 2006, Congress announced the formation of the Iraq Study Group, a high-level panel of prominent former officials charged by members of Congress with taking a fresh look at America's policy on Iraq. James Baker III - IMDb Or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to real news you can count on. Baker became chairman of Bush's Senate campaign in Harris County. By now, its probably the most famous quote attributed to the 90-year-old elder statesman. Connect to the World Family Tree to find out, James Addison BAKER, Ethel "Bonner" BAKER (born MEANS), Apr 28 1930 - Houston, Harris, Texas 77251, USA, James Addison Baker, Ethel Bonner Baker (born Means), Baker, Baker, Baker, Baker, 1940 - 1216 Bissonet, Houston, J P 1, Harris, Texas, USA, James Addison Baker, Bonner Baker (born Means), Mary Stuart McHenry, Susan Garrett Winston, James Addison Baker Jr., Ethel Bonner Jr. (born Means), 1216 Bissonnet, Houston, Harris, Texas, United States. [12] Baker resigned to serve as campaign manager of Ford's unsuccessful 1976 election campaign. They claimed that Baker, a former Democrat and a Bush political intimate, was undermining conservative initiatives in the administration. Thomas James Baker, Jr. was born to Thomas James Baker Sr. and Frankie Pauline Anderson on July 12, 1926 and passed peacefully from this life on June 9th, 2020. For 12 years, from 1980 to 1992, James A. Baker III operated as one of the most powerful non-elected officials in Washington, serving first as President Ronald Reagan's chief of staff and later . The book also shows how much the Republican Partys approach to Israel has changed over recent decades. Omissions? Baker and his boss, the 41st president, were two of the most influential figures in GOP politics from the 1970s onward. In 1993, Baker became the honorary chair of the James A. Baker III Institute of Public Policy at Rice University in Houston, Texas. In addition to the numerous recognitions received by Baker, he was presented with the prestigious Woodrow Wilson Award for public service on September 13, 2000 in Washington, D.C.. Baker served as chief legal adviser for George W. Bush during the 2000 election campaign and oversaw the Florida recount. Baker has a sister, Bonner Baker Moffitt. James Baker III's Grandchild Dies in Whirlpool Baker is the son of former Secretary of State, James Baker. According to his wife, Baker was "so anxious to get out of [his job]" that he gave some consideration to the prospect of becoming Commissioner of Baseball, but he ultimately did not pursue that. [19] Bush and US defence secretary Dick Cheney were proponents for Soviet dissolution. Bakerwho served on George W. Bush's Homeland Security Councilis the son of James Baker, who for more than a decade was one of the most powerful people in Washington, serving from 1981 to. James Baker III looking through the Iraq Study Group report before delivering it to the Senate Armed Services Committee in Washington, December 7, 2006. James Baker - Wikipedia He previously was The Post's education editor, and he worked as an investigative reporter, a military correspondent and covered crime and courts in Northern Virginia. At one level it narrowly focuses both on verbal commitments made by the US secretary of state James Baker under President George HW Bush and the terms of a treaty signed on 12 September 1990 . The couple met while on in Bermuda for spring break. When youre serious about peace, call us., A day later, the authors note, Baker sent flowers to the White House operators to apologize for subjecting them to a flood of calls by giving out their phone number instead of his own. During the disputed presidential election of 2000 between George W. Bush and Al Gore, Baker played a leading role for the Bush campaign combating legal challenges filed by Gores campaign.